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A solo ensemble-A 12string acoustic guitar
Throughout the decades of development of the guitar, in addition to the numerous players who are constantly developing new performance techniques in the guitar maker's work, the luthiers are constantly developing new works with their skillful hands. This time we will be for everyone. Introduce one of them - a twelve-string guitar.
The structure of the twelve-string acoustic guitar is similar to that of a six-string guitar, and the resonance box of the body is larger. In order to ensure the strength of the body, there is an additional structure that the traditional six-string acoustic guitar does not have. The fingerboard of a 12-string acoustic guitar is wider than a traditional six-string guitar, and the head is larger, with twelve coils (chords). The twelve-string electric guitar is similar to a twelve-string acoustic guitar, but it looks more like an electric guitar.
Since the structure is similar, what is different in other aspects?
What is the tuning method for a 12-string acoustic guitar?
A 12-string acoustic guitar, an acoustic guitar that has 12 strings, is similar to a traditional six-string guitar. The number of strings is larger and the width of the neck is wider. You must press two strings at the same time. It is capable of playing a wide range of sounds that traditional six-string acoustic guitars cannot play, for more synchronized sound effects and rich harmonic effects.
The twelve-string modulation is the same as the corresponding substring chord, that is, the same degree. The 3 string 4 string 5 string 6 string and its corresponding substring are one octave lower, and the bullet method is the same as the traditional six string acoustic guitar.Since each main string of the tunelet has a substring, the pop-up harmony effect is better and more synchronized.
In terms of tone characteristics, it is more deeper than traditional six-string acoustic guitar. But there is no free lunch in the world. The twelve-string acoustic guitar has higher requirements for the player's finger strength than the six-string acoustic guitar.After you are used to playing a 12-string acoustic guitar, and then turn back to play the traditional six-string acoustic guitar, you will feel that the strings of the six-string acoustic guitar are particularly good to press, just like the one who plays the six-string acoustic guitar to play the electric guitar. I feel that the electric guitar strings are soft.In addition, the fingerboard of the twelve-string acoustic guitar is wider than the fingerboard of the traditional six-string acoustic guitar.The strings of a twelve-string acoustic guitar are actually composed of six sets of complex strings. Each set consists of two strings. The strings used are the same as the traditional six-string acoustic guitar, but with six additional strings.
The extra six strings are usually two strings of the 3rd string, the 2nd string and the 1st string of a traditional six-string acoustic guitar.The strings of each group are installed (low to high): 6-string 3 string, 5 string 2 string, 4 string 1 string, 3 string 3 string, 2 string 2 string, 1 string 1 string. The chord method is similar to that of a six-string guitar. The 4, 5, and 6 strings are programmed into the first three groups, and the 1, 2, and 3 strings are programmed into the last three groups. The first three groups of 3 string, 2 string, 1 string of empty string sounds are one octave higher than 6 string E, 5 string A, 4 string D, respectively, and the empty strings of the two strings of the last three groups are the same Degrees are: G, B, E.
It is worth mentioning here that the 3-string string is used: some of the above-mentioned tuning methods used by some players are not prone to "coordination", but at the same time, the tone characteristics are lost to obtain a more distinct high pitch.In this position, whether you are looking for a unique tone or to reduce the difficulty of playing, you can change the chord mode, and even remove some of the strings. For example, remove the substring of the bass string, smoothly play the bass line (BASS-LINE), but maintain the complete substring treble string "system", which produces a gorgeous harmony effect when sweeping the treble string.
Many of the players who usually use the traditional six-string acoustic guitar as their main tool occasionally use a twelve-string acoustic guitar to play some songs. The purpose of doing this is undoubtedly to create a more harmonious harmony and more pleasant. Melody, more beautiful music.
However, the twelve-string acoustic guitar is mainly suitable for playing some rhythm or accompaniment, and is usually used in folk songs and some popular music.Some hard rock, avant-garde rock guitarists use a double-necked guitar, and the two necks are in a six-string and twelve-chord configuration, so that guitarists with different sounds in one track can easily transition.
For the hand used to pluck the string, the use of a guitar with more than a regular number of strings will undoubtedly complicate the original performance. However, this has become complicated to play.
For the hand used to pluck the string, the use of a guitar with more than a regular number of strings will undoubtedly complicate the original performance.However, this becomes a complicated way of playing, and for a very skilled guitarist, they can still play a single string at any speed steadily.After practicing, the guitarist who is used to playing the traditional six-string acoustic guitar, playing a twelve-string guitar is not too difficult.
In addition to the twelve-string acoustic guitar accident, the electric guitar also has a twelve-string design. It's just that there are no twelve-string acoustic guitars.
Effect of harmony
A 12-string guitar that turns two strings into one will produce a full-blown harmonic effect when played. The reason for this effect is that each string emits roughly the same tone, and they also have almost (but never completely) the same attenuation. When creating a harmonious harmony: the sound of no single string is out of place.
Guitarists playing twelve-string guitars
The players of the twelve-string electric guitar are produced almost periodically, and every ten years will produce some representative figures. From Blind Willie McTell, born in the 1920s and 1930s, Lead Belly, born in the 1940s, to Bob Gibson, born in the 1950s and early 1960s, and Mike Pender, who is similar to The Searchers. Roger McGuinn of The Byrds, the scenery of the twelve-string guitar, continued to decline until the 1970s, and it gradually declined.But not long after, the twelve-string guitar was revived in the 1980s with Peter Buck of the alternative rock band R.E.M., Marty Willson-Piper of The Church, and Johnny Marr of The Smiths.In the 1990s, the popularity of the twelve-string guitar seemed to have weakened. Despite this, the twelve-string guitar still plays an important role in the indie rock band like Low and The Decemberists.Rickenbacker's twelve-string guitar was used in many of Les Fradkin's albums in 2000 - once again promoting the sound of a twelve-string guitar on Apple's iTunes. Recently, due to the increasing imagination of guitarists, traditional instruments have been unable to satisfy their creativity, and the frequency of use of twelve-string guitars has been constantly being refreshed.
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Since the 1960s, the most well-known twelve-string electric guitar has been the first Rickenbacker 360/12 ever used by George Harrison. There are also a number of neck-necked double-necked guitars with twelve strings for those who need live performances. For example, playing Stairway to Heaven, Hotel California and Xanadu.